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Mon, Dec 13 2021

  • 11:00 am to 11:45 am
  • 11:50 am to 12:20 pm
  • 12:20 pm to 12:30 pm
  • 02:30 pm to 04:00 pm
    Science, technology and innovation have played a proven key role in countries’ growth and development strategies; in the context of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, their importance has become even clearer. The inadequate scientific-technological situation of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean and their inability to respond to production demands in the field of medicine have made it necessary to rethink the region’s innovation systems, their components and institutional framework, and the link between their key actors. However, it is not a question of strengthening technologicalproductive systems as they were previously conceived. Today, consideration must be given to both the importance of scientific and technological capabilities and to the development of more cross-cutting systems in which innovation and entrepreneurship form the basis of more resilient, inclusive and sustainable economies and societies. The panel will review some of the main strengths and weaknesses of innovation systems in Latin American and Caribbean countries and discuss the possibilities of creating spaces for convergence and joint action, to build regional productive and technological systems around strategic sectors. It is hoped that these activities will contribute to a transformative recovery and lay the foundations for a new pattern of development in the region.
  • 04:10 pm to 05:40 pm
    Brain drain has historically been a problem for Latin America and the Caribbean, with professionals moving to developed countries or other nations in the same region. It occurs among professional who trained in their countries of origin and among students who, after specialized studies in a foreign country, decide to stay abroad because the job opportunities and potential for academic and professional growth are better. In response, countries have adopted various strategies to retain highly skilled professionals or attract them back, and have deployed networks to link researchers from the region living abroad with their peers in countries of origin. This panel will discuss the potential of highly trained human capital residing abroad and how these people can enrich the scientific and technological assets of their countries of origin and of the region as a whole. An effort will also be made, on the basis of some national initiatives, to identify areas for collaboration –especially through exchanges and mobility of scientists and researchers— that would enable the countries and the region to strengthen their capacity to respond to the disruptive changes that are affecting the world.
  • 04:10 pm to 05:40 pm
    The genetic heritage of a person or a population not only reveals their origins, but is also fundamental to understanding attributes such as vulnerability to diseases and clinical symptoms, responsiveness to treatments, and susceptibility to adverse effects of treatments. There are different initiatives around the world that collect genetic and lifestyle information from the population to contribute to the formulation of public health policies, support biomedical and genome research projects, and determine strategies to prevent and treat different pathologies. This panel will examine the progress made by Latin American and Caribbean countries in population-based medical genomic research, especially with regard to establishing biobanks and formulating research and development strategies for precision medicine.